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Stone Age (Paleolithic Age) – CBSE NCERT Social Science History

Published: 4 years ago

Category: CBSE, Education, Science

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THE EARLIEST SOCIETIES  – STONE AGE

Stone Age (Paleolithic Age) – CBSE NCERT Social Science History

1. PALAEOLITHIC AGE

2. MESOLITHIC AGE

3. NEOLITHIC AGE

PALAEOLITHIC AGE

LOWER

MIDDLE

UPPER

LIFE OF A PALAEOLITHIC MAN

PALAEOLITHIC MAN lived in caves and Rock shelters.

He was a Nomad who wandered from place to place in search of food.

He did not know how to produce food.

He survived by hunting Wild Animals and birds, fishing, and gathering Wild Plants, berries, nuts, roots and tubers.

Hence he is called Hunter gatherer.

He realized the advantage of living in groups.

It enabled him to hunt large animals and to share food which was scarce and decayed easily.

It also provided security.

Groups were not very large.

There were no inequalities nor were there any family ties within the group.

Average Life span was only 20 to 25 years.

TYPES OF SITES

FACTORY SITES

HABITATION – CUM – FACTORY SITES

PALAEOLITHIC TOOLS

Usually made by Chipping Stones

Usually made by Chipping Stones – CORE TOOLS

They were made by chipping off Pieces of chunks of rocks or hand-sized pebbles.

The stone left after chipping is called CORE.

Core Tools were usually OVAL or PEAR shaped.

They were mostly used as hand axes.

Usually made by Chipping Stones – FLAKE TOOLS

They were made from sharp pieces (flakes) that broke off while shaping core tools.

They were useful for chopping meat and skinning animals.

PALAEOLITHIC AGE IN THE DECCAN

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