A singular noun names one person, place, thing, or idea.(एकवचन)
Boy लड़का, girl लड़की, tree पेड़, bus बस, car गाड़ी, knife चाक़ू, dog कुत्ता, school पाठशाला, mother माँ, sister बहन, flower फूल, rose गुलाब, box डिब्बा
A plural noun names more than one person, place, thing, or idea.
Boys लड़के, girls लड़कियाँ, trees पेड़, buses बसें, cars गाड़ियाँ, knives चाक़ू, dogs कुत्ते, schools पाठशालाएँ, mothers माएँ, sisters बहनें, flowers फूल, roses गुलाब, boxes डिब्बे
Singular (एकवचन) को plural (बहुवचन) में बदलने के नियम
Rules for regular plurals.
Rule 1. Add ‘s’ at the end of a singular noun to make it plural.
Rule 2. Singular nouns ending in ‘s’, ‘ss’, ‘sh’, ‘ch’, ‘x’, ‘o’ or ‘z’ need an ‘es’ at the end to become plural.
Rules for irregular plurals.
Rule 1. Some nouns are the same in both their singular and plural forms.
Rule 2. Some nouns ending in ‘f‘ or ‘fe’ require that you change the ‘f’ to a ‘v’ and then add an ‘es’ at the end to make them plural.Rule 3. Nouns that end in ‘y‘ preceded by a consonant require that you change the ‘y’ to an ‘i’, and then add an ‘es’ at the end to make them plural.
Rule 4. Nouns that end in ‘y’ preceded by a vowel require that you add ‘s’ at the end to make them plural.
Rule 5. In a hyphenated compound word, you must change the first word into plural form.
Rule 6. Some singular nouns change into new words in the plural form.
Rule 7. Nouns that end in ‘ex’ require that you replace ‘ex’ with ‘ices’ at the end to make them plural.