Simple Future Tense – Learn English Grammar with SuccessCDs Education channel.
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About this Video:
Simple Future Tense
Simple future tense is used inorder to talk about an action or event that is yet to happen…………….
I shall study now.
You will miss your class.
Form or structure
Simple future tense is formed by using helping verbs like
‘shall’ and ‘will’ along with the first form of the verb.
Subject+ shall/ will+ first form of the verb
• Normally shall is used with first person singular ‘I’ as well as plural ‘we’ but for practical purposes both shall or will can be used with ‘I’ and we.
• With second person ‘you’ (singular/ plural) ‘will’ is used to indicate ‘future tense’
• With third person singular (he/she) and plural ‘they’ ‘will’ is used to indicate future tense
I/we shall/ will buy sweets.
You will buy sweets.
He/she/they will buy sweets.
Negative is formed by adding not to will or shall.
Subject+ shall/will not+ first form of the verb.
I shall/ will not buy sweets.
You will not buy sweets.
He/ she/ they will not buy sweets.
Is formed by putting shall/ will before the subject.
Shall/ will+ subject+ first form of verb
Shall/ will I buy sweets?
Will you buy sweets?
Will he/she/they buy sweets?
Simple future tense means simple pure future without indicating any intension, promise or planning.
It merely states that a certain action will happen in future. We do not know about the intention or feeling of the subject. Inorder to emphasize the intention or promise or planning a few things have to be kept in mind but simple future tense has some other uses as well
Other uses of simple future tense
Simple future tense can also be used to express the opinion or assumption or intention of the speaker
He will help you.
They will sell their house
(I am sure or I think so).
To express general truth or habitual action
Autumn will pass soon. (General truth)
People will buy umbrellas in rainy season. Assumption
With clauses expressing condition and time
If you drop glass it will break.
When you heat ice it will melt.
Simple future tense can be used to show stronger emotions like, promise and determination.
I will never desert you.
We will always be loyal to our country.
To express command like an imperative
Or to express conclusions like.
You shall leave this room at once.
They shall regret their decision.
Future with intention or intention+ plan
Inorder to express ‘intention’ only ‘will’ is used
‘I will leave soon’
When we want to imply intention+ plan
‘is/ am/ are going to’ is used with the first form of the verb.
Subject+ is/am/are going to+ verb
I am going to buy this property.
She is going to merry john.
They are going to start a new business.
All the above sentences have a background of a sentence which may be like this
1. I like this property
2. She loves john.
3. They have closed down old business.
‘Going to’ cannot be replaced by ‘will’ if it is a clear case of intention+ plan
Going to form also express feeling of certainty
It is going to rain.
She is going to cry.
Here let me remind you something we discussed in the lesson on present continuous tense
The present continuous tense can also be used to express a planned future action.
My aunt is leaving for New York tomorrow
My sister is throwing a party on my birth day next week
In such cases future time like tomorrow this evening, next week should be mentioned
Fill in the blanks
Use will/ shall/ going to or present continuous form to indicate future with the help of the verbs given in brackets
1. I am going to market. You (come) with me?
2. There are dark clouds in the sky. It (go) rain.
3. I (not tolerate) this injustice.
4. Please walk fast otherwise we (get) late for the show.
5. I am saving money. I (buy) this house.
6. He is working hard. He (win) this competition.
7. I (not come) to school tomorrow. I (go) to Delhi.