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Present Perfect Tense – Learn English Tenses

Present Perfect Tense – Learn English Tenses by Ranjna Vedhera for SuccessCDs Education Channel.

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Uses of Present Perfect Tense
1- It denotes an action which took place in the past but its results can be felt or seen in the present
I have eaten my dinner
I Have completed the painting
2- The Present Perfect Tense is used to indicate activities completed in the recent past
She has just gone out
I have finished my breakfast just now
3- It is used with adverbs like, now, today this Morning/ Evening, This Week/ Month, still ever not yet/ yet already so far, till now, recently, lately for and since.
4- The Present Perfect Tense is never used with past adverbs such as, yesterday, last Week/Month/Year etc. In such cases simple past tense should be used.
It is wrong to say, “I have done my home work yesterday”
5- This Tense is also used to express past action if no definite time is given.
I have been to Europe.
He has confessed his Crime.
6- It is used to describe an action which began in the past but is continuing in the present.
She has been unwell since Monday.
I have lived in Mumbai for Six Years.
Structure & Form of Present Perfect Tense
The present perfect tense is formed with the help of the verb to have+ past participle. The structure looks like this: Subject+ Has/ Have+ Past Participle.
I have finished my work.
Negative is formed by putting Not between the Helping Verb and the Main Verb.
I have not finished my work.
Interrogative is formed by putting the helping verb before the subject
Have you finished your work.
Slide 8
Auxiliary has is used with the third person singular subject
Have is used with I, you and plural subjects.
I Have written. We have written.
You have written. You have written.
He/ She has written. They have written.
I have not written. We have not written.
You have not written. You have not written.
He/ She has not written. They have not written.
Have I written? Have We written?
Have You written? Have You written?
Has He/ She written? Have They written?
Have, have not and has not
Can be used in shortened or contracted forms such as:
I’ ve I Haven’t He Hasn’t
You’ve You Haven’t She Hasn’t
They’ve They Haven’t
Using for and since with present perfect tense
‘for’ is used to express a period or duration of time.
For Two Week/ Months/ Years/ Hours/ Days etc
Also ‘for a long time’
For can be omitted with expressions such as all day, all my life etc
I have lived in Delhi all my life.
Since is used for a specific point of time
Such as
Since Morning/ Evening.
Since January/ February.
Since 5 O’clock etc
I have lived here since 2002.
She has not eaten anything since Morning.
Since should never be omitted
Use for or since as required in the sentences below
1- It has rained all day today.
2- She has slept — two hours.
3- I have not been to college- Monday.
4- They have worked on this project- January.
5- We have lived in Mumbai- 1980.
6- My parents have been away- One Week.

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