Present Perfect Tense – Learn English Tenses by Ranjna Vedhera for SuccessCDs Education Channel.
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Uses of Present Perfect Tense
1- It denotes an action which took place in the past but its results can be felt or seen in the present
I have eaten my dinner
I Have completed the painting
2- The Present Perfect Tense is used to indicate activities completed in the recent past
She has just gone out
I have finished my breakfast just now
3- It is used with adverbs like, now, today this Morning/ Evening, This Week/ Month, still ever not yet/ yet already so far, till now, recently, lately for and since.
4- The Present Perfect Tense is never used with past adverbs such as, yesterday, last Week/Month/Year etc. In such cases simple past tense should be used.
It is wrong to say, “I have done my home work yesterday”
5- This Tense is also used to express past action if no definite time is given.
I have been to Europe.
He has confessed his Crime.
6- It is used to describe an action which began in the past but is continuing in the present.
She has been unwell since Monday.
I have lived in Mumbai for Six Years.
Structure & Form of Present Perfect Tense
The present perfect tense is formed with the help of the verb to have+ past participle. The structure looks like this: Subject+ Has/ Have+ Past Participle.
I have finished my work.
Negative is formed by putting Not between the Helping Verb and the Main Verb.
I have not finished my work.
Interrogative is formed by putting the helping verb before the subject
Have you finished your work.
Auxiliary has is used with the third person singular subject
Have is used with I, you and plural subjects.
I Have written. We have written.
You have written. You have written.
He/ She has written. They have written.
I have not written. We have not written.
You have not written. You have not written.
He/ She has not written. They have not written.
Have I written? Have We written?
Have You written? Have You written?
Has He/ She written? Have They written?
Have, have not and has not
Can be used in shortened or contracted forms such as:
I’ ve I Haven’t He Hasn’t
You’ve You Haven’t She Hasn’t
They’ve They Haven’t
Using for and since with present perfect tense
‘for’ is used to express a period or duration of time.
For Two Week/ Months/ Years/ Hours/ Days etc
Also ‘for a long time’
For can be omitted with expressions such as all day, all my life etc
I have lived in Delhi all my life.
Since is used for a specific point of time
Since Morning/ Evening.
Since January/ February.
Since 5 O’clock etc
I have lived here since 2002.
She has not eaten anything since Morning.
Since should never be omitted
Use for or since as required in the sentences below
1- It has rained all day today.
2- She has slept — two hours.
3- I have not been to college- Monday.
4- They have worked on this project- January.
5- We have lived in Mumbai- 1980.
6- My parents have been away- One Week.