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India our Motherland – Mountains and Plains (CBSE NCERT Social Science)

India our Motherland – Mountains and Plains (CBSE NCERT Social Science) – Geography

The name India is derived from the river Indus, the valleys around which were the home of the early settlers.

7th Largest Country in the World

LARGEST DEMOCRATIC COUNTRY IN THE WORLD

SECOND MOST POPULOUS COUNTRY IN THE WORLD

LOCATION & EXTENT

INDIA LIES NORTH OF THE EQUATOR

It lies between 8 Degrees 4’ N Latitude in the South and 37 Degrees 6’ N Latitude in the North and …

It lies Between 68 Degrees 7’ E Longitude in the West and 97 Degrees 25’ E Longitude in the East.

The Tropic of Cancer (23 Degree 30’ N) passes through India…

Arabian Sea

Bay of Bengal

KANYAKUMARI is the Southern most tip of the Indian Peninsula.

India is a land of high Mountains, mighty rivers, fertile plains Extensive plateaus and Coastal plains.

Broadly the main land can be divided into our physical units.

THE NORTHERN MOUNTAINS

High Mountain Ranges run along the entire northern boundary of India.

The Northern most range is the KARAKORAM RANGE.

South of the Karakoram Range are the mighty Himalayas.

GREATER HIMALAYAS

LESSER HIMALAYAS

SHIVALIK HILLS

PURVANCHAL

The Himalayas have some of the Highest Peaks in the World.

MANY RIVERS ALSO ORIGINATE FROM THE HIMALAYAS.

They are a large stretch of level and fertile lands formed by the Alluvial deposits of the Indus, Ganga, Brahmaputra and their tributaries.

The Punjab Haryana Plain

The Ganga Plain

The Brahmaputra Plain

THE PENINSULAR PLATEAU

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