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English Grammar Lesson – The Phrase and the Clause

English Grammar Lesson – The Phrase and the Clause by Prof. Ranjna Vedhera for SuccessCDs Videos http://www.successcds.net

ENGLISH GRAMMAR – VERB
The phrase and the clause
What is a phrase?
A phrase is a group of words that makes some sense but not a complete sense. It does not convey a clear message or meaning and is only a part of the sentence.
Examples …
1. In the corner,
2. Under the bed,
3. Full of life,
4. A white lie
5. All these are phrases.
A clause is a group of words which forms part of a sentence. It has a subject and predicate but is not independent like a sentence and does not convey complete sense by itself.
Examples …
1. The people who trust God, are fearless.
2. The man who stole my purse, has been arrested.
3. My book that was on the table, is missing.
Note: – Underlined words are clauses.
Some phrases can be changed into clauses.
Examples: –
1. He wore a chain made of gold. (Phrase)
2. He wore a chain that was made of gold. (Clause)
3. The girl in blue dress, has disappeared. (Phrase)
4. The girl who was wearing blue dress, has disappeared. (Clause)
5. The plate with golden leaves, is broken. (Phrase)
6. The plate which has golden leaves, is broken. (Clause)
Exercise for practice …
Underline the phrases and clauses in the following sentences and name them accordingly.
1. I think that you have a made a mistake.
2. He is a man of great wealth.
3. The sun rises in the east.
4. What you say (it) is not true.
5. Keep him at an arm’s length.
6. A thing of beauty is joy forever.
Answers
1. I think that you have a made a mistake. (Clause)
2. He is a man of great wealth. (Phrase)
3. The sun rises in the east. (Phrase)
4. What you say (it) is not true. (Clause)
5. Keep him at an arm’s length. (Phrase)
6. A thing of beauty is joy forever. (Phrases)

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