Published: 4 years ago
Past Perfect Tense – Learn English Tenses with Ranjna Vedhera for SuccessCDs Education Channel,
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About this Video
Past Perfect Tense
When two past events or actions are described, it is important to show as to which action took place earlier than the other.
In such cases past perfect tense is used to indicate the action or event which happened first. Simple past tense is used for the action which happened later.
The train had left before we reached the station.
The patient had died before the doctor arrived.
Past perfect tense is formed with ‘had’ and the past participle form of the verb
Subject+ had+ past participle
I had known him.
Negative is formed by using had not + past participle
Subject+ Had not+ Past participle
I Had not known him.
Interrogative is formed by putting had before the subject
Had+ Subject+ Past Participle
Had I known him.
The helping verb had remains the same with first, second or third person, singular or plural subject
I had known him You/ we/ they had known him
He/ She had known him
Past perfect tense is mostly used in indirect speech.
He said that he had already finished his dinner.
She told me that she had not decided to marry Amit.
Past perfect tense is mostly used in sentences with two clauses.
It means two sentences merged into one sentence having two past verbs, showing two past actions, both already completed
He had already finished his breakfast when I went to see him
The two clauses are most often joined with the help of words like before, after, when, already, because etc.
When the police arrived the thief had already escaped.
Change the verbs in brackets into simple past or past perfect tense.
1- The rain (stop) before we (start) for picnic.
2- The employees (go) on strike before the management (hike) their salaries.
3- The crowd already (gather) at the playground before the match (start)
4- I (feel) very hungry because I (not eat) anything since morning.
5- The fire (burn) most of the building before the fire brigade (arrived).
6- My guests (not leave) before I (reach) home.
7- He (thank) me for when I (do) for him.
1- The rain had already stopped before we started for picnic.
2- The Employees had gone on strike before the management hiked their salaries.
3- The crowd had already gathered at the playground before the match started.
4- I felt very hungry because I had not eaten anything since morning.
5- The fire had burnt most of the building before the fire brigade arrived.
6- My guest had not left before I reached home.
7- He thanked me for what I had done for him.