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Past Perfect Tense – Learn English Tenses

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Published: 1 year ago

Category: Education, English, Grammar, Learn English

Description:

Past Perfect Tense – Learn English Tenses with Ranjna Vedhera for SuccessCDs Education Channel,

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About this Video

Past Perfect Tense
When two past events or actions are described, it is important to show as to which action took place earlier than the other.
In such cases past perfect tense is used to indicate the action or event which happened first. Simple past tense is used for the action which happened later.
Examples
The train had left before we reached the station.
The patient had died before the doctor arrived.
Structure
Past perfect tense is formed with ‘had’ and the past participle form of the verb
Subject+ had+ past participle
Example
I had known him.
Negative
Negative is formed by using had not + past participle
Subject+ Had not+ Past participle
Example
I Had not known him.
Interrogative
Interrogative is formed by putting had before the subject
Had+ Subject+ Past Participle
Example
Had I known him.
Note-
The helping verb had remains the same with first, second or third person, singular or plural subject
Examples
I had known him You/ we/ they had known him
He/ She had known him
Past perfect tense is mostly used in indirect speech.
Examples
He said that he had already finished his dinner.
She told me that she had not decided to marry Amit.
Please Remember
Past perfect tense is mostly used in sentences with two clauses.
It means two sentences merged into one sentence having two past verbs, showing two past actions, both already completed
Example
He had already finished his breakfast when I went to see him
The two clauses are most often joined with the help of words like before, after, when, already, because etc.
Example
When the police arrived the thief had already escaped.
Exercise
Change the verbs in brackets into simple past or past perfect tense.
1- The rain (stop) before we (start) for picnic.
2- The employees (go) on strike before the management (hike) their salaries.
3- The crowd already (gather) at the playground before the match (start)
4- I (feel) very hungry because I (not eat) anything since morning.
5- The fire (burn) most of the building before the fire brigade (arrived).
6- My guests (not leave) before I (reach) home.
7- He (thank) me for when I (do) for him.
Ans
1- The rain had already stopped before we started for picnic.
2- The Employees had gone on strike before the management hiked their salaries.
3- The crowd had already gathered at the playground before the match started.
4- I felt very hungry because I had not eaten anything since morning.
5- The fire had burnt most of the building before the fire brigade arrived.
6- My guest had not left before I reached home.
7- He thanked me for what I had done for him.

One Response to “Past Perfect Tense – Learn English Tenses”

  1. ghanshyam says:

    i want to learn english.

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